Faisalabad formerly known as Lyallpur is the third largest city of Pakistan with a population of nearly 3.0 million. The city is situated between river Chenab and Ravi. It was established in 1896 which irrigated the vast terrain of Rachna Doab. This irrigation system converted the area into the granary of North India where people from all over Punjab, famous for their agricultural skills, settled and gave rise to a new city called Lyallpur named after Sir James B. Lyall, British Lieutenant Governor of Punjab (1887- 1892) in recognition of his contribution to the establishment of this new city. The name of this city was changed to Faisalabad in 1977 after the Saudi Arabian King Faisal who was a great friend of Pakistan.
It is an important industrial centre west of Lahore. The city-district of Faisalabad is bound on the North by the districts of Gujranwala and Sheikhupura, on the East by Sahiwal, on the South by Toba Tek Singh and on the West by Jhang. It is 1,135 km (705 mi) from Karachi, 128 km (80 mi) from Lahore, 350 km (220 mi) from Islamabad/Rawalpindi, 187 km (116 mi) from Burewala, and 70 km (43 mi) from Jhang.
Traditionally this city has been famous for agricultural research and education. The Punjab Agricultural College and Research Institute was established in 1909 in this city. It was upgraded to University of Agriculture in 1961. In addition to the University, there are now several educational institutions including a Medical College catering to the needs of it’s inhabitants. Over the years, Faisalabad has become a centre of textile industry with hundred of power loom factories scattered all around the city. Faisalabad has also excelled in the export of finished textile products and thus contributing significantly to the economic development of the country. The city has gradually become the hub of industrial activity.
Amidst all these activities the city presents a vibrant bustling scenario blended with an interesting mix of urban and rural cultures. With its shopping opportunities in textiles, lather, brassware and jewellery, Faisalabad’s totally ethnic mood leaves much to be discovered.
Apart from the University and various educational centres, Faisalabad houses four prestigious research institutes namely Ayub Agricultural Research Institute (AARI), Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), National Institute for Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering (NIBGE) and Punjab Forest Research Institute, These R&D institutes carry out researches in their respective areas and are contributing effectively to the economy of the country.